Wednesday, June 13, 2012

Elliptical Sentence: Either dan Neither

Pada materi sebelumnya telah saya jelaskan elliptical sentence  yang menggunakan too dan so, dimana mereka digunakan hanya untuk kalimat positif. Sedangkan Either dan neither yang juga  digunakan untuk meringkas kalimat, namun khusus untuk kalimat negative. Dalam elliptical sentences yang menggunakan either dan neither memiliki rumus sebagai berikut:

…..and neither + auxiliary/to be/modal + S
… and S + aux iliary/to be/modal + not either
Contoh :

He didn’t go to school yesterday.
She didn’t go to school yesterday

He didin’t go to school yesterday, and neither did she.
Atau    :
He didn’t go to school yesterday, and She didn’t either.

Perlu diperhatikan dan selalu diingat bahwa Not dalam elliptical sentences selalu disingkat, digabungkan dengan to be atau auxiliary verb yang ada dalam kalimat yang akan diringkas.

Untuk lebih jelasnya, perhatikan contoh-contoh di bawah ini!
They  will not visit you.
I will not visit you.
They  will not visit you, and neither will I.
Atau
They  will not visit you, and I won’t either

He doesn’t do the home work.
I don’t do the home work.
He doesn’t do the home work, and neither do I.
Atau
He doesn’t do the home work, and I don’t either.

They don’t watch TV.
Toni doesn’t watch TV.
They don’t watch TV, and neither does Toni.
atau
They don’t watch TV, and Toni doesn’t either.

We haven’t eaten.
They haven’t eaten.

We haven’t eaten, and neither have they.
Atau
We haven’t eaten, and They haven’t either.

She hasn’t slept.
He hasn’t slept.
She hasn’t slept, and neither has he.
Atau
She hasn’t slept, and he hasn’t either.

Roni isn’t sleeping.
Tono isn’t sleeping.
Roni isn’t sleeping, and neither is Tono.
Atau
Roni isn’t sleeping, and Toni isn’t either.
Kerjakan soal-soal latihan di bawah ini!

1. She isn’t tall.
    He isn’t tall.
2. My mother doesn’t like pizza.
    My father doesn’t like pizza.
3. They didn’t get up early.
    I didn’t get up early.
4. Riska hasn’t done her homework.
    Riri hasn’t done her homework.
5. They can’t sing.
     I can’t sing.
6.  She isn’t singing.
     He isn’t singing.
7.  My sister doesn’t study everyday.
     Your sister doesn’t study everyday.

Answer Key:
1. She isn’t tall, and neither is he. / She isn’t tall, and he isn’t either. 2. My mother doesn’t like pizza, and neither does my father. / my mother doesn’t like pizza, and my father doesn’t either. 3. They didn’t get up early, and neither did I. / they didn’t get up early, and I didn’t either. 4. Riska hasn’t done her homework, and neither has Riri. / Riska hasn’t done her homework, and Riri hasn’t either. 5. They can’t sing, and neither can I. / they can’t sing, and I can’t either. 6. She isn’t singing, and neither is he. / She isn’t singing, and he isn’t either. 7. My sister doesn’t study everyday, and neither does your sister. / My sister doesn’t study everyday, and your sister doesn’t either.

7 comments:

  1. makasih bro. artikel nya sangat membantu

    ReplyDelete
  2. tx for this lesson. it's very usefull to increase my skill

    ReplyDelete
  3. thanks. it's wonderful 4 me

    ReplyDelete
  4. makasih banyak ya ...masih baru blajar..smoga kamu diberikan rizki berlipat ganda dan membawa berkah

    ReplyDelete
  5. kalo semisalkan ada kalimat positif,lalu pake kalimat neither ataupun either,itu boleh gak?
    tolong permberitahuannya ya:D

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Either ..... or , neither .... nor yang seperti ini yang ada. Jika either dan neither dalam elliptical sentence, maka penjelasannya seperti yang di atas. Untuk either ... or dan neither .... nor bisa dibaca dalam materi level advance. Terima kasih.

      Delete